The best bergamot oil for fragrance (the oil we use) is produced in Calabria, Italy. Responsible for giving Earl Grey tea its distinctive taste, bergamot’s sophisticated, aromatic citrus note is one of the building blocks for all colognes.
from Turkey and Bulgaria
Rosa damascena petals are steam distilled to produce one of the most recognizable and widely used oils in perfumery – although one that is quite different to the original scent prior to distillation. Heady and sweet, almost like a field of roses have been turned into a single bottle of rose liqueur.
It takes (about) 7,000,000 flowers to make 1kg of jasmine oil; picked by hand in the early hours when the oil content is at its highest. The reward for such endeavors is an oil densely honeyed and floral but with an animalic note that takes it beyond mere prettiness.
Where lightness and transparency are needed (jasmine oil is far heftier than the flower itself) the synthetic, Hedion, can also be used.